Volume 2, Issue 1, March 2018, Page: 14-19
Comparing the Sensitivity of Microscopy to Diagnostic Strip in the Survey for Urinary Schistosomiasis
Nathaniel Yacham Musa, Microbiology Department, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Anthony John Dadah, Microbiology Department, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 1, 2018;       Accepted: Mar. 21, 2018;       Published: Apr. 12, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.be.20180201.14      View  1093      Downloads  40
Schistosomiasis is one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) recording high morbidity and mortality rate for developing countries in Africa, South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Asia. The sensitivity of microscopy to the use of diagnostic strip in the survey for urinary schistosomiasis among students attending some selected secondary schools was investigated in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Four hundred and sixty two (462) urine samples were collected and examined for the eggs of Schistosoma haematobium using sedimentation and microscopy method. Microhaematuria and proteinuria were investigated using combi 11 test strips. This study revealed 11.5% prevalence rate for urinary schistosomiasis among the studied subjects based on direct egg detection method, 22.9% based on micro-haematuria detection and 44.8% based on proteinuria. The sensitivity of Urine dip strip when compared to direct egg detection methods, shows that there is high sensitivity on the use of urine dip strip.
Microscopy, Urine Samples, Ova of Schistosoma haematobium, Microhaematuria, Proteinuria, Nitrite, Leucocytes
To cite this article
Nathaniel Yacham Musa, Anthony John Dadah, Comparing the Sensitivity of Microscopy to Diagnostic Strip in the Survey for Urinary Schistosomiasis, Bioprocess Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 14-19. doi: 10.11648/j.be.20180201.14
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Yirenya-Tawiah, D. R., Rashid A. A., Futagbi, G., Aboagye, I. and Dade, M (2011). Prevalence of Snail Vectors of Schistosomiasis in the Kpong Head Pond, Ghana. West African Journal of Applied Ecology 18: 39-45.
World Health Organization (2015). Schistosomiasis. Fact Sheet number 115. WHO Press.
World Health Organization (2010). Working to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases. First WHO Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.
Carter Center (2015). Schistosomiasis Control Program. Schistosomiasis-Fact. Atlanta, U.S.A.: One Copenhill.
Ugbomoiko, U. S., Obiezue, R. N. N., Ogunniyi, T. A. B. and Ofoezie, I. E. (2009). Diagnostic accuracy of different urine dipsticks to detect urinary schistosomiasis: a comparative study in five endemic communities in Osun and Ogun States, Nigeria. Journal of Helminthology. 83: 203–209.
Cheesbrough, M. (2006). District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries Part 2 (2 Ed) New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 105–112.
Nassef, M. O. and Olugboye, M. O. (1979). The hydrology and hydrogeology of Galma Basin. Unpub, File Report, Federal Department of Water Resources, Nigeria.
Federal Ministry of Information (FMI). (2000). NIGERIA: A people united, a future assured. Vol. 2, Survey of states.
Olaniyan, I. O. and Tsuzom, J. N. (2014). An Appraisal of Certain Characteristics of Aquifer in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna, Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering Science & Advanced Technology 4(6): 554-559.
Arya, R., Antonisamy, B., Kumar, S., (2012). Sample Size Estimation in Prevalence Studies. Indian journal of Paediatrics 99(11):1482-1488.
Omenesa, H. O., Bishop H. G. and Raji, H. M (2015). Prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis Among Pupils Attending Primary Schools In Bomo Village, Zaria-Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science 3(5): 2320-9356.
Toller, A., Scopin, A. C., Apfel, V., Prigenzic, K. C., Tsob, F. K., Focchic, G. R., Speckb, N., Ribaltab, J. (2015). An interesting finding in the uterine cervix: Schistosoma hematobium calcified eggs. Autopsy Case Report 5 (2):41-44.
Utzinger, J., Raso, G., Brooker, S., Savigny, D. D., Tanner, M., Ornbjerg, N., Singer, B. H. And N’goran, E. K. (2009). Schistosomiasis and Neglected Tropical Diseases: Towards Integrated and Sustainable Control and A Word of Caution. Parasitology 136: 1859–1874.
Weerakoon, K. G. A. D., Gobert, G. N., Cai, P. and McManusa, D. P. (2015). Advances in the Diagnosis of Human Schistosomiasis. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 28 (4): 939-967.
Ugbomoiko, U. S., Ofoezie, I. E., Okoye, I. C., Heukelbach, J. (2010). Factors associated with urinary schistosomiasis in two peri-urban communities in south–western Nigeria. Ann Tropical and Medical Parasitology 104 (5):409–19.
Sousa-Figueiredo, J. C., Basa´n˜ ez, M., Khamis, I. S., Garba, A., Rollinson, D., Stothard J. R. (2009). Measuring Morbidity Associated with Urinary Schistosomiasis: Assessing Levels of Excreted Urine Albumin and Urinary Tract Pathologies. PloS Neglected Tropical Diseases 3(10): e526.
Knopp, S., Becker, S. L., Ingram, K. J., Keiser, J. and Utzinger, J. (2013). Diagnosis and Treatment of Schistosomiasis in Children in the Era of Intensified Control. Expert Reviews of Anti Infection Therapy. 11(11): 1237–1258.
Bassiouny, H. K., Hasab, A. A., El-Nimr, N. A., Al-Shibani, L. A. and Al- Waleedi, A. A. (2014). Rapid diagnosis of Schistosomiasis in Yemen Using a Simple Questionnaire and Urine Reagent Strips. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 20(4):242–249.
Bocanegra, C., Gallego, C., Mendioroz, J., Moreno, M., Sulleiro, E., Salvador, E., Sikaleta, N., Nindia, A., Tchipita, D., Joromba, M., Kavaya, S., Montalvá, A. S., López, T. and Molina, I. (2015). Epidemiology of Schistosomiasis and Usefulness of Indirect Diagnostic Tests in School-Age Children in Cubal, Central Angola. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9 (10): 1-11.
Useh, M. F. (2013). Schistosomiasis. InTech Open Science 4: 63–93.
Young. N. D., Jex, A. R., Li, B., Liu, S., Yang, L., Xiong, Z., Li, Y., Cantacessi, C., Hall, R. S., Xu X., Chen, F., Wu, X., Zerlotini, A., Oliveira, G., Hofmann, A., Zhang, G., Fang, X., Kan, Y., Campbell B. E., Loukas, A., Ranganathan, S., Rollinson, D., Rinaldi, G., Brindley, P. J., Yang, H., Wang, J., Wang, J. and Gasser, R. B. (2012). Whole-Genome Sequence of Schistosoma haematobium. Nature Genetics 44(2): 221–227.
Walz, Y., Wegmann, M., Dech, S., Raso, G. and Utzinger, J. (2015). Risk Profiling of Schistosomiasis using Remote Sensing: Approaches, Challenges and Outlook. Parasites & Vectors, 8(163): 1–16.
Useh, M. F. (2013). Schistosomiasis. InTech Open Science 4: 63–93.
Mohammed, K., Hassan, J., Opaluwa, S. A., Adamu, T., Nataala, S. U., Garba, M. K., Bello M. and Bunza, N. M., (2017). Diagnostic Potentials of Haematuria and Proteinuria in Urinary Schistosomiasis among School-Age Children in Aliero Local Government Area, Kebbi State, North-Western Nigeria. Asian Journal of Research in Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 2(4): 1-9.
Browse journals by subject